Transparency, Openness, and our 2014 Financials

After completing the standard audit, our 2014 state and federal tax filings are available. We publish all of our related tax documents because we believe in transparency.

Tor's annual revenue in 2014 held steady at about $2.5 million. Tor's budget is modest considering the number of people involved and the impact we have. And it is dwarfed by the budgets that our adversaries are spending to make the world a more dangerous and less free place.

To achieve our goals, which include scaling our user base, we fund about 20 contractors and staff members (some part time, some full time) and rely on thousands of volunteers to do everything from systems administration to outreach. Our relay operators are also volunteers, and in 2014 we grew their number to almost 7,000 — helped along by the Electronic Frontier Foundation's wonderful Tor Challenge, which netted 1,635 relays. Our user base is up to several million people each day.

Transparency doesn't just mean that we show you our source code (though of course we do). The second layer to transparency is publishing specifications to explain what we thought we implemented in the source code. And the layer above that is publishing design documents and research papers to explain why we chose to build it that way, including analyzing the security implications and the tradeoffs of alternate designs. The reason for all these layers is to help people evaluate every level of our system: whether we chose the right design, whether we turned that design into a concrete plan that will keep people safe, and whether we correctly implemented this plan. Tor gets a huge amount of analysis and attention from professors and university research groups down to individual programmers around the world, and this consistent peer review is one of our core strengths over the past decade.

As we look toward the future, we are grateful for our institutional funding, but we want to expand and diversify our funding too. The recent donations campaign is a great example of our vision for future fundraising. We are excited about the future, and we invite you to join us: donate, volunteer, and run a Tor relay.

This Is What a Tor Supporter Looks Like – Jacob Appelbaum

Jacob Appelbaum

Jacob Appelbaum says that a number of Tor's development projects are inspired by the needs of the people that Tor works with around the world. Many of these people are working on the front lines of human rights and political activism.

“When working with Laura Poitras it became clear that there were key areas where improving her ability to use anonymity and encryption software would greatly strengthen her ability to continue her work. We brought some of these concerns and ideas into the initial development of Torbirdy and other Tor development efforts. Often my role is to understand needs of users in a given terrain of struggle and to help with the creation of prototypes to assist them.”

"This is all a team effort - many of our prototypes go on to become full fledged projects. The people involved in the Tor Project are spread across the world and put in an amazing amount of effort."

Both Appelbaum and Tor co-founder Roger Dingledine have taught activists around the world to use Tor. An an example, in Tunisia, they taught people to use encryption tools as part of a larger strategy. The tools themselves are part of a way of thinking about not only security and technology but also about operational security issues more generally. The tactics required to resist mass surveillance, targeted surveillance and repression generally are not merely technical: they are also social, economic and political.

Appelbaum and colleagues have also worked with hundreds of people from around the globe who are fighting for basic human rights in their respective countries, including lawyers, politicians, human rights activists, technologists, medical doctors, journalists and academics. The stakes are sometimes high - many people they have worked with are in danger through extreme surveillance because of their work, and for some, learning to use anonymity and encryption tools like Tor could literally save their lives.

In his context working with and as a journalist, Appelbaum says: “One of the things we’ve found and that we've published, which is good news, is that when the NSA does intercepts on people and they see encrypted messages from their encrypted Jabber chats… they say, `Sorry, can’t decrypt this – it’s off the record.’ That’s great. It means that we are correct: math constrains these systems of surveillance, which include and promote systems of violence and political oppression. Mathematics actually stops them and forces them to move from passive to active actions. It means that we can use cryptography to protect ourselves and to move ourselves into a world where attacks become detectable. Tor and other Free Software encryption tools such as Off-The-Record messaging, Signal and many others aid us in stopping these systems of violence and political oppression from growing.”

Appelbaum goes on to add, "The Tor Project is very lucky to have such a passionate community of developers, relay operators, and volunteers. So much of what we do depends on the generosity of our surrounding community that I am often humbled by their accomplishments. I look forward to campaigns like this one helping to create a more sustainable Tor, so that we can better support and honor the contributions and hard work of everyone involved."

Please join Jacob in supporting the Tor Project today!

Tor Browser 5.5a6-hardened is released

A new hardened Tor Browser release is available. It can be found in the 5.5a6-hardened distribution directory and on the download page for hardened builds.

This release features an important fix for a crash bug in one of our patches. All users are encouraged to update immediately as this bug is probably exploitable if Javascript is enabled. The bug was not exploitable at High security level, or on non-HTTPS websites at Medium-High security level.

Note: There is no incremental update from 5.5a5-hardened available due to bug 17858. We plan to have this fixed for the next release. The internal updater should work, though, doing a complete update.

Here is the complete changelog since 5.5a5-hardened:

  • All Platforms
    • Update NoScript to 2.9
    • Update HTTPS Everywhere to 5.1.2
    • Bug 17931: Tor Browser crashes in LogMessageToConsole()
    • Bug 17875: Discourage editing of torrc-defaults

Tor Browser 5.5a6 is released

A new alpha Tor Browser release is available for download in the 5.5a6 distribution directory and on the alpha download page.

This release features an important fix for a crash bug in one of our patches. All users are encouraged to update immediately as this bug is probably exploitable if JavaScript is enabled. The bug was not exploitable at High security level, or on non-HTTPS websites at Medium-High security level.

In the past, signing Windows .exe files on a Linux machine caused verification errors on some Windows 10 systems. This should be fixed by adding the intermediate certificate in the signing process now.

Here is the complete changelog since 5.5a5:

  • All Platforms
    • Update NoScript to 2.9
    • Update HTTPS Everywhere to 5.1.2
    • Bug 17931: Tor Browser crashes in LogMessageToConsole()
    • Bug 17875: Discourage editing of torrc-defaults
    • Bug 17870: Add intermediate certificate for authenticode signing

Tor Browser 5.0.7 is released

Update: Clarify that the crash bug requires Javascript to be exercised.

A new stable release for Tor Browser is available from the Tor Browser Project page and also from our distribution directory.

This release features an important fix for a crash bug in one of our patches. All users are encouraged to update immediately as this bug is probably exploitable if Javascript is enabled. The bug was not exploitable at High security level, or on non-HTTPS websites at Medium-High security level.

Here is the complete changelog since 5.0.6:

  • All Platforms
    • Update NoScript to 2.9
    • Update HTTPS Everywhere to 5.1.2
    • Bug 17931: Tor Browser crashes in LogMessageToConsole()
    • Bug 17875: Discourage editing of torrc-defaults

This is What a Tor Supporter Looks Like: Ethan Zuckerman

Ethan Zuckerman

“I'm a Tor supporter for a very simple reason: my colleague's lives depend on it.

I'm the co-founder of Global Voices, an international community of bloggers, reporters, translators and activists dedicated to building a more inclusive picture of the world. Members of our community are located in more than 100 nations, and many members of our team live in countries where freedom of expression is under threat.

Some Global Voices members need to maintain anonymity so they can report from countries where their words could lead to imprisonment or worse. These threats are not imaginary - four members of our team were incarcerated for more than a year in Ethiopia, and our members in Bangladesh fear for their safety when they write about killings of secular bloggers, presumably by government-backed extremists.

We teach everyone who works with Global Voices about digital security, and Tor is a cornerstone of the toolkit we teach our authors and translators to use. In countries that monitor web traffic closely, frequently connecting to the Global Voices website could signal that a user is a Global Voices contributor. Correctly using Tor allows our authors in repressive nations to contribute to our site without revealing to local authorities that they are writing for Global Voices. We quite literally could not do our job in many nations we work in without Tor.

While financial support is critical for Tor to continue developing its tools, and while the real heroes of the Tor project are the thousands of volunteers who donate bandwidth and time to maintain Tor exit nodes, there's another way to help Tor: use Tor. Here's what I mean: in the most repressive countries we work in, we cannot use Tor because simply using strong encryption is so uncommon that governments seek out users of these tools. For Tor to be useful in an extremely repressive country like Ethiopia, it needs to be normal, as normal as HTTPS has become in the past few years. When you use Tor to do something quotidian, you're providing cover traffic for people who need to use Tor to do something extraordinary. So give, run an exit node, but at the very least, help make Tor utterly ordinary by using it as often as you can.”

-Ethan Zuckerman

This is What a a Tor Supporter Looks Like: Susan Landau

Susan Landau

“Communications metadata is remarkably revelatory. Just knowing what number you communicated with, when, and for how long can reveal whether you are having a flare-up of MS, seeking an abortion, or thinking about growing marijuana plants commercially. All of this comes from the numbers you call, and not what you say. It's why keeping communications metadata private is so important.

“Tor protects such data. It's not just journalists who need such privacy. It's human rights workers (that's why the State Department supports Tor), law-enforcement investigators checking out questionable sites, the businessperson collecting data to make decisions, the worker checking AIDS information or Alcoholics Anonymous over lunch hour on her private device but using her company's ISP. In a world of increasing surveillance, there's increasing need for Tor.

“I first began using Tor regularly in 2012 when I taught a freshman seminar in privacy. For one assignment I asked my students to try Tor and write a customer review. Tor was very clunky then. The fact that you couldn't simultaneously use Tor and the Firefox browser seriously diminished usability for me.

“Tor has much improved. The program runs faster, it is more secure, and there's greater functionality, including the ability to simultaneously use Tor and Firefox. I am delighted, but more is needed. We live in a world of pervasive surveillance, and Tor provides an essential service. Give generously and give often so that we can protect a modicum of private space in our increasingly public world. The privacy you protect may be your own.”

—Susan Landau

Support Tor Today!

This is What a Tor Supporter Looks Like: Giordano Nanni

Giordano Nanni

Giordano Nanni was a Tor supporter long before anyone at Tor actually knew him personally. Giordano and rap artist Hugo Farrant created the project called Juice Rap News in 2009. "We were adamant about using our respective art forms to bring attention to the issues that we care about,” Giordano says. “We are the generation that is living in the age of the advent of Internet. We are unique in this regard; no other generation will be like ours. We therefore have the blessing and also the responsibility of being the ones who’ll shape the Internet’s future."

Giordano and Hugo began posting Juice Rap News episodes in 2009 from Giordano’s house in Melbourne. "Episode 4 was our first episode about the Internet," Giordano says, "and we used the example of WikiLeaks and Julian Assange to explore the concept of digital rights and the importance of the Internet. It really struck a chord with people, and this encouraged us to keep going in that direction. We quickly grew from a little project that only few knew about to really having an audience. We went on to produce 35 episodes covering a wide range of subjects; but the topic of the Internet has always remained a constant theme throughout the series."

Giordano has fond memories of the events that led to the making of Juice Rap News episode 15: "Big Brother is WWWatching You" in which George Torwell makes his first appearance. "Jake [Appelbaum] came to Melbourne in 2012 to speak at a couple of events. While he was here he contacted us to say he’d like to meet up, and we all met for coffee,” he says. "Later on, we went to the beach and talked. Jake explained how Tor works by drawing onion router diagrams in the sand." Major data retention laws were being brought forward in Australia at the time, and by the end of their conversation, Giordano and Jake agreed on the need to create a Juice Rap News episode focused on surveillance, pointing to Tor as a solution.

Through Juice Rap News, Giordano and Hugo brought their creativity and humor to bear on the issues that concern them most, and Giordano continues that in his current work with the Juice Media channel—like his newest video: "A Message from George Orwell", in which George Torwell makes a new appearance to raise awareness about why digital rights matter.

"I feel that one of the unique responsibilities of our generation is to ensure that the foundation for the Internet is based in strong ethics of justice and transparency, as a democratic platform for openness and free speech", Giordano says. "Our mission with The Juice Media is really to explain these issues in an easy-to-understand way, and to make it fun."

Support Tor Today!

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