Tor is released

Tor has been released! You can download the source from the Tor website. Packages should be available over the next several days.

Tor is the first alpha release in its series. It includes numerous small features and bugfixes against previous Tor versions, and numerous small infrastructure improvements. The most notable features are a set of improvements to the directory subsystem.

PLEASE NOTE: This is an alpha release. Expect a lot of bugs. You should really only run this release if you're willing to find bugs and report them.

Changes in version - 2016-02-04

  • Major features (security, Linux):
    • When Tor starts as root on Linux and is told to switch user ID, it can now retain the capability to bind to low ports. By default, Tor will do this only when it's switching user ID and some low ports have been configured. You can change this behavior with the new option KeepBindCapabilities. Closes ticket 8195.
  • Major features (directory system):
    • When bootstrapping multiple consensus downloads at a time, use the first one that starts downloading, and close the rest. This reduces failures when authorities or fallback directories are slow or down. Together with the code for feature 15775, this feature should reduces failures due to fallback churn. Implements ticket 4483. Patch by "teor". Implements IPv4 portions of proposal 210 by "mikeperry" and "teor".
    • Include a trial list of default fallback directories, based on an opt-in survey of suitable relays. Doing this should make clients bootstrap more quickly and reliably, and reduce the load on the directory authorities. Closes ticket 15775. Patch by "teor". Candidates identified using an OnionOO script by "weasel", "teor", "gsathya", and "karsten".
    • Previously only relays that explicitly opened a directory port (DirPort) accepted directory requests from clients. Now all relays, with and without a DirPort, accept and serve tunneled directory requests that they receive through their ORPort. You can disable this behavior using the new DirCache option. Closes ticket 12538.

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Tor Messenger Beta: Chat over Tor, Easily

Today we are releasing a new, beta version of Tor Messenger, based on Instantbird, an instant messaging client developed in the Mozilla community.

What is it?

Tor Messenger is a cross-platform chat program that aims to be secure by default and sends all of its traffic over Tor. It supports a wide variety of transport networks, including Jabber (XMPP), IRC, Google Talk, Facebook Chat, Twitter, Yahoo, and others; enables Off-the-Record (OTR) Messaging automatically; and has an easy-to-use graphical user interface localized into multiple languages.

What it isn't...

Tor Messenger builds on the networks you are familiar with, so that you can continue communicating in a way your contacts are willing and able to do. This has traditionally been in a client-server model, meaning that your metadata (specifically the relationships between contacts) can be logged by the server. However, your route to the server will be hidden because you are communicating over Tor.

We are also excited about systems like Pond and Ricochet, which try to solve this problem, and would encourage you to look at their designs and use them too.

Why Instantbird?

We considered a number of messaging clients: Pidgin, Adam Langley's xmpp-client, and Instantbird. Instantbird was the pragmatic choice -- its transport protocols are written in a memory-safe language (JavaScript); it has a graphical user interface and already supports many natural languages; and it's a XUL application, which means we can leverage both the code (Tor Launcher) and in-house expertise that the Tor Project has developed working on Tor Browser with Firefox. It also has an active and vibrant software developer community that has been very responsive and understanding of our needs. The main feature it lacked was OTR support, which we have implemented and hope to upstream to the main Instantbird repository for the benefit of all Instantbird (and Thunderbird) users.

Current Status

Today we are releasing a beta version with which we hope to gain both usability and security related feedback. There have been three previous alpha releases to the mailing lists that have already helped smooth out some of the rougher edges.

Downloads (Updated)

Get the latest version


  • On Linux, extract the bundle(s) and then run: ./start-tor-messenger.desktop
  • On OS X, copy the Tor Messenger application from the disk image to your local disk before running it.
  • On all platforms, Tor Messenger sets the profile folder for Firefox/Instantbird to the installation directory.

  • Note that as a policy, unencrypted one-to-one conversations are not allowed and your messages will not be transmitted if the person you are talking with does not have an OTR-enabled client. You can disable this option in the preferences to allow unencrypted communication but doing so is not recommended.

Source Code

We are doing automated builds of Tor Messenger for all platforms.

The Linux builds are reproducible: anyone who builds Tor Messenger for Linux should have byte-for-byte identical binaries compared with other builds from a given source. You can build it yourself and let us know if you encounter any problems or cannot match our build. The Windows and OS X builds are not completely reproducible yet but we are working on it.

What's to Come

Our current focus is security, robustness and user experience. We will be fixing bugs and releasing updates as appropriate, and in the future, we plan on pairing releases with Mozilla's Extended Support Release (ESR) cycle. We have some ideas on where to take Tor Messenger but we would like to hear what you have to say. Some possibilities include:

How To Help

Give it a try and provide feedback, requests, and file bugs (choose the "Tor Messenger" component). If you are a developer, help us close all our tickets or help us review our design doc. As always, we are idling on IRC in #tor-dev (OFTC) (nicks: arlolra; boklm; sukhe) and subscribed to the tor-talk/dev mailing lists.

Please note that this release is for users who would like to help us with testing the product but at the same time who also understand the risks involved in using beta software.

Thanks and we hope you enjoy Tor Messenger!

Update: For Windows 10 (and some Windows 7, 8) users who were experiencing an issue in Tor Messenger where it wouldn't start, we have updated the download links above with a newer version that fixes the problem described in bug 17453.

Tor is released

Tor is the second release candidate in the 0.2.7 series. It fixes some important memory leaks, and a scary-looking (but mostly harmless in practice) invalid-read bug. It also has a few small bugfixes, notably fixes for compilation and portability on different platforms. If no further significant bounds are found, the next release will the the official stable release.

NOTE: This is a release candidate. We think we've squashed most of the bugs, but there are probably a few more left over.

You can download the source from the usual place on the website.
Packages should be up in a few days.

Changes in version - 2015-10-21
  • Major bugfixes (security, correctness):
    • Fix an error that could cause us to read 4 bytes before the beginning of an openssl string. This bug could be used to cause Tor to crash on systems with unusual malloc implementations, or systems with unusual hardening installed. Fixes bug 17404; bugfix on
  • Major bugfixes (correctness):
    • Fix a use-after-free bug in validate_intro_point_failure(). Fixes bug 17401; bugfix on

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Tor is released

Tor is the first release candidate in the 0.2.7 series. It contains numerous usability fixes for Ed25519 keys, safeguards against several misconfiguration problems, significant simplifications to Tor's callgraph, and numerous bugfixes and small features.

This is the most tested release of Tor to date. The unit tests cover 39.40% of the code, and the integration tests (accessible with "make test-full-online", requiring stem and chutney and a network connection) raise the coverage to 64.49%.

NOTE: This is a release candidate. We think we've squashed most of the bugs, but there are probably a few more left over.

Changes in version - 2015-09-25

  • Major features (security, hidden services):
    • Hidden services, if using the EntryNodes option, are required to use more than one EntryNode, in order to avoid a guard discovery attack. (This would only affect people who had configured hidden services and manually specified the EntryNodes option with a single entry-node. The impact was that it would be easy to remotely identify the guard node used by such a hidden service. See ticket for more information.) Fixes ticket 14917.
  • Major features (Ed25519 keys, keypinning):
    • The key-pinning option on directory authorities is now advisory- only by default. In a future version, or when the AuthDirPinKeys option is set, pins are enforced again. Disabling key-pinning seemed like a good idea so that we can survive the fallout of any usability problems associated with Ed25519 keys. Closes ticket 17135.

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Tor is released

This, the second alpha in the Tor 0.2.7 series, has a number of new features, including a way to manually pick the number of introduction points for hidden services, and the much stronger Ed25519 signing key algorithm for regular Tor relays (including support for encrypted offline identity keys in the new algorithm).

Support for Ed25519 on relays is currently limited to signing router descriptors; later alphas in this series will extend Ed25519 key support to more parts of the Tor protocol.

If you typically build Tor from source, you can download the source code from the usual place on the website.
Packages should be up in a few days.

Changes in version - 2015-07-27
  • Major features (Ed25519 identity keys, Proposal 220):
    • All relays now maintain a stronger identity key, using the Ed25519 elliptic curve signature format. This master key is designed so that it can be kept offline. Relays also generate an online signing key, and a set of other Ed25519 keys and certificates. These are all automatically regenerated and rotated as needed. Implements part of ticket 12498.
    • Directory authorities now vote on Ed25519 identity keys along with RSA1024 keys. Implements part of ticket 12498.
    • Directory authorities track which Ed25519 identity keys have been used with which RSA1024 identity keys, and do not allow them to vary freely. Implements part of ticket 12498.
    • Microdescriptors now include Ed25519 identity keys. Implements part of ticket 12498.
    • Add support for offline encrypted Ed25519 master keys. To use this feature on your tor relay, run "tor --keygen" to make a new master key (or to make a new signing key if you already have a master key). Closes ticket 13642.
  • Major features (Hidden services):
    • Add the torrc option HiddenServiceNumIntroductionPoints, to specify a fixed number of introduction points. Its maximum value is 10 and default is 3. Using this option can increase a hidden service's reliability under load, at the cost of making it more visible that the hidden service is facing extra load. Closes ticket 4862.
    • Remove the adaptive algorithm for choosing the number of introduction points, which used to change the number of introduction points (poorly) depending on the number of connections the HS sees. Closes ticket 4862.

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Tor is released

Hi, all! There's a new stable Tor release out, and source code is now available on the website. If you build Tor from source code, you'll want to upgrade. Otherwise, packages should be available reasonably soon.

Remember to check signatures! (See the FAQ for information how)

Tor version fixes some significant stability and hidden service client bugs, bulletproofs the cryptography init process, and fixes a bug when using the sandbox code with some older versions of Linux. Everyone running an older version, especially an older version of 0.2.6, should upgrade.

Changes in version - 2015-07-12

  • Major bugfixes (hidden service clients, stability):
    • Stop refusing to store updated hidden service descriptors on a client. This reverts commit 9407040c59218 (which indeed fixed bug 14219, but introduced a major hidden service reachability regression detailed in bug 16381). This is a temporary fix since we can live with the minor issue in bug 14219 (it just results in some load on the network) but the regression of 16381 is too much of a setback. First-round fix for bug 16381; bugfix on
  • Major bugfixes (stability):
    • Stop crashing with an assertion failure when parsing certain kinds of malformed or truncated microdescriptors. Fixes bug 16400; bugfix on Found by "torkeln"; fix based on a patch by "cypherpunks_backup".
    • Stop random client-side assertion failures that could occur when connecting to a busy hidden service, or connecting to a hidden service while a NEWNYM is in progress. Fixes bug 16013; bugfix on

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Tor is released

Hi, I've just put out a new stable Tor release. It is not a high-urgency item for most clients and relays, but directory authorities should upgrade. Right now, the source is available on the website, and packages should become available one their maintainers build them.

Tor fixes a bit of dodgy code in parsing INTRODUCE2 cells, and fixes an authority-side bug in assigning the HSDir flag. All directory authorities should upgrade.

Changes in version - 2015-05-21
  • Major bugfixes (hidden services, backport from
    • Revert commit that made directory authorities assign the HSDir flag to relay without a DirPort; this was bad because such relays can't handle BEGIN_DIR cells. Fixes bug 15850; bugfix on tor-
  • Minor bugfixes (hidden service, backport from
    • Fix an out-of-bounds read when parsing invalid INTRODUCE2 cells on a client authorized hidden service. Fixes bug 15823; bugfix on
  • Minor features (geoip):
    • Update geoip to the April 8 2015 Maxmind GeoLite2 Country database.
    • Update geoip6 to the April 8 2015 Maxmind GeoLite2 Country database.

Tor is released

Tor is the first alpha release in its series. It includes numerous small features and bugfixes against previous Tor versions, and numerous small infrastructure improvements. The most notable features are several new ways for controllers to interact with the hidden services subsystem.

You can download the source from the usual place on the website. Packages should be up in a few days.

NOTE: This is an alpha release. Please expect bugs.

Changes in version - 2015-05-12
  • New system requirements:
    • Tor no longer includes workarounds to support Libevent versions before 1.3e. Libevent 2.0 or later is recommended. Closes ticket 15248.
  • Major features (controller):
    • Add the ADD_ONION and DEL_ONION commands that allow the creation and management of hidden services via the controller. Closes ticket 6411.
    • New "GETINFO onions/current" and "GETINFO onions/detached" commands to get information about hidden services created via the controller. Part of ticket 6411.
    • New HSFETCH command to launch a request for a hidden service descriptor. Closes ticket 14847.
    • New HSPOST command to upload a hidden service descriptor. Closes ticket 3523. Patch by "DonnchaC".

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Tor is released

Tor fixes an issue in the directory code that an attacker might be able to use in order to crash certain Tor directories. It also resolves some minor issues left over from, or introduced in, Tor or earlier.

If no serious issues are found in this release, the next 0.2.6 release will make 0.2.6 the officially stable branch of Tor.

You can download the source from the usual place on the website. Packages should be up in a few days.

NOTE: This is an alpha release. Please expect bugs.

Changes in version - 2015-03-09
  • Major bugfixes (crash, OSX, security):
    • Fix a remote denial-of-service opportunity caused by a bug in OSX's _strlcat_chk() function. Fixes bug 15205; bug first appeared in OSX 10.9.
  • Major bugfixes (relay, stability, possible security):
    • Fix a bug that could lead to a relay crashing with an assertion failure if a buffer of exactly the wrong layout is passed to buf_pullup() at exactly the wrong time. Fixes bug 15083; bugfix on Patch from "cypherpunks".
    • Do not assert if the 'data' pointer on a buffer is advanced to the very end of the buffer; log a BUG message instead. Only assert if it is past that point. Fixes bug 15083; bugfix on

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A new alpha series begins: Tor is released

Tor is the first release in the Tor 0.2.6.x series. It includes numerous code cleanups and new tests, and fixes a large number of annoying bugs. Out-of-memory conditions are handled better than in 0.2.5, pluggable transports have improved proxy support, and clients now use optimistic data for contacting hidden services. Also, we are now more robust to changes in what we consider a parseable directory object, so that tightening restrictions does not have a risk of introducing infinite download loops.

This is the first alpha release in a new series, so expect there to be bugs. Users who would rather test out a more stable branch should stay with 0.2.5.x for now.

This announcement is for the source release only; I'd expect that compiled packages for several platforms should be available over the next several days.

Changes in version - 2014-10-30
  • New compiler and system requirements:
    • Tor 0.2.6.x requires that your compiler support more of the C99 language standard than before. The 'configure' script now detects whether your compiler supports C99 mid-block declarations and designated initializers. If it does not, Tor will not compile.

      We may revisit this requirement if it turns out that a significant number of people need to build Tor with compilers that don't bother implementing a 15-year-old standard. Closes ticket 13233.

    • Tor no longer supports systems without threading support. When we began working on Tor, there were several systems that didn't have threads, or where the thread support wasn't able to run the threads of a single process on multiple CPUs. That no longer holds: every system where Tor needs to run well now has threading support. Resolves ticket 12439.

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